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There are 26 bones in the human foot. Some people have extra bones (accessory ossicles) which are usually congenital (present at birth) but may also be due to previous trauma. These extra bones, which can occur with any bone in the foot, can be painless (asymptomatic) and are...
/conditions/extra-bones 1/10/2018 11:41:23 AM
Eczema is a general term that includes many conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. The symptoms of eczema vary, but thay generally appear as dry, red and extremely itchy patches of skin. Small blisters may sometimes form.  Eczema can occur on any part of the body, i...
/conditions/eczema-of-the-foot 1/10/2018 11:40:52 AM
Drop foot refers to the inability to lift the front part of one’s foot off the ground when walking, resulting in a scuffing or dragging of the foot or lifting the thigh (known as “steppage” gait). It is most often caused by nerve or muscle disorders or damage or by a central ...
/conditions/drop-foot 1/10/2018 11:40:27 AM
What Is Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy?   Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by diabetes. When it affects the arms, hands, legs and feet, it is known as diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is different from peripheral arterial disease (poor...
/conditions/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy 1/10/2018 11:39:56 AM
People living with diabetes are prone to having foot problems, often because of two complications of diabetes: nerve damage (neuropathy) and poor circulation. Neuropathy causes loss of feeling in your feet, taking away your ability to feel pain and discomfort, so you may not ...
/conditions/diabetic-complications-and-amputation-prevention 1/10/2018 11:38:13 AM
What Is Deep Vein Thrombosis?   The blood supply of the leg is transported by arteries and veins. The arteries carry blood from the heart to the limbs; veins carry blood back to the heart. The leg contains superficial veins, which are close to the surface, and deep veins, wh...
/conditions/deep-vein-thrombosis-(dvt) 1/10/2018 11:37:19 AM
Dancing places more physical demand on the foot and ankle and increases their risk of injury. Ballet dancers also have added risk of foot and ankle injury because of specific positions, such as en pointe and demi-pointe , which can add stress to the toes and ball of the fo...
/conditions/dance-injuries-to-the-foot-and-ankle 1/10/2018 11:36:58 AM
Custom orthotics are medical devices prescribed by a foot and ankle surgeon. These shoe inserts, which support and align the foot and lower extremities, are formed by making a plaster mold of the foot. Additional valuable information: Flexible Flatfoot Heel Pain ...
/conditions/custom-orthotic-devices 1/10/2018 11:34:06 AM
Sizing Crutches   Even if you have already been fitted for crutches, make sure your crutch pads and handgrips are set at the proper distance, as follows: Crutch pad distance from armpits: The crutch pads (tops of crutches) should be 1½" to 2" (about two finger widths...
/conditions/crutch-use 1/10/2018 11:32:51 AM
There are many potential causes of cracked heels. Dry skin (xerosis) is common and can get worse with wearing open-back shoes, increased weight or increased friction from the back of shoes. Dry, cracked skin can also be a subtle sign of more significant problems, such as diab...
/conditions/cracked-heels 1/10/2018 11:25:45 AM
A corn is a small circular thickened lesion in the skin of the foot. It usually forms due to repeated pressure on the skin, such as the rubbing of a shoe. The name "corn" comes from its resemblance to a kernel of corn. A corn is different from a callus in that it has a centra...
/conditions/corns 1/10/2018 11:23:54 AM
Contact dermatitis of the foot is an inflammation of the skin in response to an irritant. This irritant is something with which the foot has come into contact, such as materials and chemicals with which shoes are made, poison ivy or harsh chemicals. When the skin of the foot...
/conditions/contact-dermatitis 1/10/2018 11:22:38 AM
Compartment syndrome, a buildup of pressure within the tissue of the foot, is a painful condition that can result in tissue damage. Potential causes are injury (acute compartment syndrome) or exercise (exertional compartment syndrome). When compartment syndrome occurs follow...
/conditions/compartment-syndrome 1/10/2018 11:21:41 AM
Cold feet are most commonly a result of medical conditions that cause poor blood flow in the legs or feet, such as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), a blockage or narrowing of the arteries, Raynauds’s phenomenon (cold sensitivity that causes a spasm of the blood vessels) and...
/conditions/cold-feet 1/10/2018 11:21:15 AM
Clubfoot (congenital talipes equinovarus) is a deformity that is present at birth in about one in every 1,000 children. It occurs in males more often than females and can affect one or both feet. The feet of an infant with clubfoot point down and inward. It is not painful, b...
/conditions/clubfoot 1/10/2018 11:20:26 AM
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