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What Is the Os Trigonum?   The os trigonum is an extra (accessory) bone that sometimes develops behind the ankle bone (talus). It is connected to the talus by a fibrous band. The presence of an os trigonum in one or both feet is congenital (present at birth). It becomes evid...
/conditions/os-trigonum-syndrome 1/10/2018 12:43:04 PM
Custom orthotics are medical devices prescribed by a foot and ankle surgeon. These are different from shoe inserts and arch supports in that they have two functions. Orthotics can be used to accommodate or offload a prominent area. This can be helpful for bursitis, calluses...
/conditions/orthotics 1/10/2018 12:40:40 PM
Obesity is an ever-increasing problem in American society. Currently, up to one third of the U.S. population is considered obese, defined as a body mass index greater than 30. Although it seems obvious, many studies have found a direct link between increased BMI and foot prob...
/conditions/obesity-and-your-feet 1/10/2018 12:39:33 PM
A fungus is an organism that lives in warm moist areas. Fungus of the toenails is a common problem that can affect people of all ages, although it most commonly affects individuals who are older.  Toenail fungus often begins as an infection in the skin called tinea pedis (al...
/conditions/nail-fungus 1/10/2018 12:37:43 PM
What Is a Neuroma?   A neuroma is a thickening of nerve tissue that may develop in various parts of the body. The most common neuroma in the foot is a Morton’s neuroma, which occurs between the third and fourth toes. It is sometimes referred to as an intermetatarsal neuroma....
/conditions/morton-s-neuroma-(intermetatarsal-neuroma) 1/10/2018 12:36:51 PM
What Is Malignant Melanoma?    Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the cells of the skin that produce pigmentation (coloration). It is also called malignant melanoma because it spreads to other areas of the body as it grows beneath the surface of the skin. Unlike many other ...
/conditions/malignant-melanoma-of-the-foot 1/10/2018 12:35:11 PM
What Is the Lisfranc Joint?   The Lisfranc joint is the point at which the metatarsal bones (long bones that lead up to the toes) and the tarsal bones (bones in the arch) connect. The Lisfranc ligament is a tough band of tissue that joins two of these bones. This is importa...
/conditions/lisfranc-injuries 1/10/2018 12:33:11 PM
The running and side-to-side cutting in lacrosse are common causes of injuries to the foot and ankle. Lacrosse players should be aware of the following risks:  Inversion ankle sprains can damage the ankle ligaments and can also be associated with peroneal tendon injur...
/conditions/lacrosse-injuries-to-the-foot-and-ankle 1/10/2018 12:31:46 PM
The foot contains 26 bones and more than 30 joints. The body’s natural response to any type of joint injury is to increase blood flow to the affected area. This results in an accumulation of fluid in the tissues in and around the joint, resulting in swelling. Depending on the...
/conditions/joint-swelling-in-the-foot 1/10/2018 12:29:27 PM
The foot contains 26 bones and more than 30 joints. Many people experience pain involving one or more of these joints. The pain may be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, stiffness, redness, bruising and/or increased warmth over the affected joints. Joint pain may be caused...
/conditions/joint-pain-in-the-foot 1/10/2018 12:28:02 PM
Intoeing (pigeon toes) is a condition in which the feet point inward when walking. It is commonly seen in children and may resolve in very early childhood with no treatment or intervention.  The child should be examined by a foot and ankle surgeon if the intoeing is causing...
/conditions/intoeing 1/10/2018 12:27:36 PM
What Is an Ingrown Toenail?   When a toenail is ingrown, it is curved and grows into the skin, usually at the nail borders (the sides of the nail). This digging in of the nail irritates the skin, often creating pain, redness, swelling and warmth in the toe. If an ingrown na...
/conditions/ingrown-toenail 1/10/2018 12:27:16 PM
Heel pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition that is sometimes also called heel spur syndrome when a spur is present. Heel pain may also be due to other causes, such as a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation or, rarely, a cyst. Because...
/conditions/heel-pain-(plantar-fasciitis) 1/10/2018 12:25:36 PM
What Is Hammertoe?   Hammertoe is a contracture (bending) deformity of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth or fifth (little) toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop. Hammertoes usually start out as...
/conditions/hammertoe 1/10/2018 12:22:33 PM
What Is Hallux Rigidus?   Hallux rigidus is a disorder of the joint located at the base of the big toe. It causes pain and stiffness in the joint, and with time, it gets increasingly harder to bend the toe. Hallux refers to the big toe, while rigidus indicates that the ...
/conditions/hallux-rigidus 1/10/2018 12:22:14 PM
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