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An uncontrolled urge to move one’s legs is referred to as restless legs.   This can happen while trying to sleep, while traveling or any time the legs are at rest. There is no known test to diagnose the problem; instead, the foot and ankle surgeon considers the individual’s h...
/conditions/restless-legs 1/10/2018 1:17:58 PM
Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition that results in a bluish-white discoloration of fingers and toes, often as a result of exposure to cold. Stress, smoking and certain medications may trigger or worsen symptoms. The color change, which occurs from spasms in small blood vesse...
/conditions/raynauds-phenomenon 1/10/2018 1:17:08 PM
  Rest: Stay off the injured (foot/ankle). Walking may cause further injury. Ice: Apply an ice pack to the injured area, placing a thin towel between the ice and the skin. Use ice for 20 minutes and then wait at least 40 minutes before icing again. Compression: An el...
/conditions/r-i-c-e-protocol 1/10/2018 1:13:35 PM
What Is a Puncture Wound? Puncture wounds are not the same as cuts. A puncture wound has a small entry hole caused by a pointed object, such as a nail that you have stepped on. In contrast, a cut is an open wound that produces a long tear in the skin. Puncture wounds require...
/conditions/puncture-wounds 1/10/2018 1:07:59 PM
What Is PTTD?    The posterior tibial tendon serves as one of the major supporting structures of the foot, helping it to function while walking. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a condition caused by changes in the tendon, impairing its ability to support the a...
/conditions/posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-(pttd) 1/10/2018 1:04:58 PM
A podiatrist is a physician whose practice focuses on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions of the foot and ankle. Achieving the Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree (DPM) requires four years of training in an accredited podiatric medical school, followed by a hospi...
/conditions/podiatrist 1/10/2018 12:59:42 PM
What Is a Plantar Wart?    A wart is a small growth on the skin that develops when the skin is infected by a virus. Warts can develop anywhere on the foot, but they typically appear on the bottom (plantar side) of the foot. Plantar warts most commonly occur in children, adol...
/conditions/plantar-wart-(verruca-plantaris) 1/10/2018 12:59:00 PM
What Is the Plantar Fibroma?    A plantar fibroma is a fibrous knot (nodule) in the arch of the foot. It is embedded within the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes on the bottom of the foot. A plantar fibroma can develop in one or both fee...
/conditions/plantar-fibroma 1/10/2018 12:56:47 PM
Pigeon toes (intoeing) is a condition in which the feet point inward when walking. It is commonly seen in children and may resolve in very early childhood with no treatment or intervention.  The child should be examined by a foot and ankle surgeon if the intoeing causes signi...
/conditions/pigeon-toes 1/10/2018 12:54:35 PM
What Are the Peroneal Tendons?   A tendon is a band of tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. The two peroneal tendons in the foot run side by side behind the outer ankle bone. One peroneal tendon attaches to the outer part of the midfoot, while the other tendon runs unde...
/conditions/peroneal-tendon-injuries 1/10/2018 12:53:51 PM
What Is Peripheral Arterial Disease?   Commonly referred to as poor circulation, Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is the restriction of blood flow in the arteries of the leg. When arteries become narrowed by plaque (the accumulation of cholesterol and other materials on the...
/conditions/peripheral-arterial-disease-(p-a-d-) 1/10/2018 12:49:30 PM
What Is Pediatric Flatfoot? Flatfoot is common in both children and adults. When this deformity occurs in children, it is referred to as pediatric flatfoot. Although there are various forms of flatfoot, they all share one characteristic—partial or total collapse of the arch...
/conditions/pediatric-flatfoot 1/10/2018 12:47:12 PM
Osteoporosis, which means “porous bone,” is a condition in which bones become weak and thin due to lack of calcium and/or vitamin D. People with osteoporosis have an increased risk of bone fractures (breaks).  Osteoporosis is often called the “silent disease” because many pe...
/conditions/osteoporosis 1/10/2018 12:46:14 PM
Osteomyelitis (an infection of the bone) can be caused by a variety of microbial agents (bacteria, fungus), the most common of which is staphylococcus aureus. This serious infection can occur from a number of sources: It may enter bone through an injury, such as an open...
/conditions/osteomyelitis-(bone-infection) 1/10/2018 12:44:49 PM
What Is Osteoarthritis?   Osteoarthritis is a condition characterized by the breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage in one or more joints. Cartilage (the connective tissue found at the end of the bones in the joints) protects and cushions the bones during movement. When ca...
/conditions/osteoarthritis-of-the-foot-and-ankle 1/10/2018 12:43:33 PM
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